Bladder stones are hard masses made up of minerals from urine. This often happens when bladder is not completely emptied after urination.
Some bladder stones do not produce any symptoms. But, if the stone irritates the bladder, symptoms can include the following:
- Discomfort or pain in the penis for males
- More regular urination or a stop-start flow
- Starting a stream during urination takes longer
- Pain in the lower stomach area
- Pain and discomfort when urinating
- Blood in the urine
- Cloudy or abnormally dark urine
Investigations that can be performed include urine test, X-ray, CT scan, ultrasound and cystoscopy examination
A bladder scope is inserted into bladder through the opening of urinary tract. Bladder stone will be broken into small pierces with lithotriptor. Lithotriptor produce forward momentum, like hammer force to break the stone.