Kidney cancer also known as renal cancer, is a disease in which kidney cells grow out of control and become malignant (cancerous)
There could be no symptoms until the tumor has grown bigger. You may have one or more of these symptoms:
- Blood in urine
- A lump or mass in the kidney area
- Persistent pain at the side of abdomen
- Weight loss
- Recurrent fever
One or more test can be performed :
- Urine test
- Blood test
- Computerised tomography (CT) scan
- Magnetic resonance imagine (MRI)
Recommended procedures for smaller tumor :
- Retroperitoneal Laparoscopic Partial Nephrectomy
- Transperitoneal Laparoscopic Partial Nephrectomy
Recommended procedures for bigger tumor :
- Retroperitoneal Laparoscopic Radical Nephrectomy
- Transperitoneal Laparoscopic Radical Nephrectomy
Laparoscopic Partial Nephrectomy is a minimal invasive surgical procedure to remove the diseased tissue from a kidney and leaves healthy tissue in place.
The main advantage of Partial Nephrectomy is to preserve the kidney. Depending on the tumor size, the more percentage of kidney saved makes significance difference to kidney health
Laparoscopic Radical Nephrectomy is a minimal invasive surgical procedure to remove the entire kidney and often some additional structures
The major benefit of the retroperitoneal approach is that the surgeon does not need to interfere any intraperitoneal organs out of the way (i.e. bowel, stomach, spleen, liver, pancreas, colon, etc.) because kidney lies in the retroperitoneal space.
Retroperitoneal approach can minimise injury to intraperitoneal organs during surgery and there will be no risk of post-operative ileus (bowel distension ).
For cosmetic benefits, surgical scar of retroperitoneal approach lies at the side of the body, instead of front and its less visible.